Single Window Legal Framework for Cross-border Trade: 10 Case Studies

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Many countries have established a National Single Window (NSW) for trade to facilitate cross-border trade and develop their economies. A Single Window (SW) is a unified and integrated facility that streamlines and simplifies the exchange of trade-related information between government authorities and the trading community.

This paper conducts a thorough analysis of SW implementation across ten diverse countries – Cambodia, Cameroon, Georgia, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Mexico, Pakistan, Peru, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and Uzbekistan. Despite differing economic profiles and trade dynamics, a shared understanding resonates with the foundational importance of a robust legal framework for the success of SW initiatives.

The study delves into the evolution of national legislation, government directives, royal decrees, and any other regulatory changes in each country, unravelling the trajectory of legal frameworks crucial to the development and operation of SW. The analysis encompasses a comprehensive study of each country’s SW implementation evolution, including significant acts, international agreements, standards, political commitments, and institutional arrangements. Recognizing the critical role of the legal landscape, the analysis emphasizes its impact on the operational effectiveness of SW. The legal foundation ensures compliance with international standards and establishes rules for data sharing, security, and functionality, forming the bedrock of successful SW operation.

By uncovering these common threads, the study provides readers with a deeper understanding of the legislative dynamics underpinning successful trade facilitation initiatives. It serves as a valuable resource, offering not only a comparative perspective on legal intricacies but also actionable insights for enhancing and harmonizing SW globally.


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